Oil tankers and barges, pipelines and tanker trucks are clogging up Bay Area roads and highways.
The spill has prompted a temporary halt in the city’s downtown core for days.
The Oakland city council has approved $10 million in federal grants to help pay for cleanup efforts.
The money will go toward upgrading and repairing overpasses and bridges that are damaged by the spill, according to city spokeswoman Jennifer Shaver.
The city will also spend $7 million to repair a pipeline that connects a pipeline owned by Chevron to an oil tanker and container terminal in East Oakland.
The pipeline was damaged by an explosion last month and is expected to be repaired this week, Shaver said.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is also stepping in to help Oakland, which has been without power and communication since Saturday morning.
Officials said they’re still trying to find a power source for residents.
The oil spill is affecting people in Oakland and around the Bay Area.
The city has shut down schools and hospitals, and is restricting workers from leaving the city.
Agency spokeswoman Amy Cates said the agency is trying to determine how much oil spilled.
“We are taking every possible measure to minimize any impact on our emergency response efforts and to minimize the impact on the public,” she said in an email.
The agency is also working with the county and state to ensure the proper cleanup is done, she said.
The refinery is owned by BP Plc, the same company that owns the Port of Oakland.
The National Guard is on standby for any spill in the area, the department said in a statement on Monday.
The National Guard was activated for the spill on March 5, when it was detected by a vessel in the Strait of Hormuz, according a Navy spokesman.